Birds : Kausani

Lesser Yellownape

The lesser yellownape (Picus chlorolophus) is a type of woodpecker which is a widespread and often common breeder in tropical and sub-tropical Asia, primarily the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It ranges from India, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka eastwards to Thailand, Burma, Cambodia, Laos, Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam.

This is a jungle species which nests in a tree hole, laying two to four white eggs. Like other woodpeckers, this species has a straight pointed bill, a stiff tail to provide support against tree trunks, and zygodactyl or “yoked” feet, with two toes pointing forward, and two backward. The long tongue can be darted forward to capture insects.

The lesser yellownape is a largish species at 27 cm in length. It has a typical woodpecker shape. The upper parts are green apart from the bright yellow tufted nape. The neck and breast are green and the belly is whitish, finely barred with green. The rump and tail are blackish. The adult male lesser yellownape has a green head with a white throat. He has red markings above the eye and above the nape, and red moustachial stripes. Females have only a red patch above the ear coverts. Young birds are like the female, but duller. The subspecies occurring in peninsular India has a greyer head. (Source: Wikipedia)

Himalayan Woodpecker

Himalayan Woodpecker (Dendrocopos himalayensis)

The Himalayan woodpecker (Dendrocopos himalayensis) is a species of bird in the Picidae family. It is found in the northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, primarily the Himalayas and some adjoining areas, and ranges across Afghanistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan and Pakistan. Its natural habitats are boreal forests and temperate forests.

A medium sized, pied woodpecker, it is black above, with broad white patches from shoulder to lower back, limited white barring on flight feathers and clean white tail edgings. Underparts and head plain pale buff with black Y-shaped mark on neck and cheeks, vent pink, red crown in male and black in female. Black marks under eyes are unique. (Source: Wikipedia)

Himalayan Bulbul

Himalayan Bulbul (Pycnonotus leucogenys)

The Himalayan bulbul (Pycnonotus leucogenys) or White-cheeked Bulbul is a species of songbird in the Pycnonotidae family. It is found in the northern regions of the Indian subcontinent as well as some adjoining areas, Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Tajikistan. It is the national bird of Bahrain.

Himalayan bulbul is about 18 cm in length with wingspan of 25.5 to 28 cm and the average weight is about 30 g. Bird’s head, throat, and crest are black and white . The back side, and a lengthy tail are brown, the underside pale yellow. Both sexes have the same color. The song is a beautiful 4-piece whistle, which resembles an accelerated oriole whistle.

This bird builds a small cup-shaped nest, made of herbs, roots and twigs, in the bush or low tree branch. The female lays usually three eggs, which are incubated for 12 days. The chicks leave the nest 9–11 days old. During breeding, this bird is very combative towards other birds. It eats insects and other small invertebrates, berries, fruits, seeds, buds and nectar. (Source: Wikipedia)

Great barbet

Great barbet (Megalaima virens)

The great barbet (Megalaima virens) is an Asian barbet. Barbets are a group of near passerine birds with a worldwide tropical distribution. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. The great barbet is a resident breeder in the lower-to-middle altitudes of the Himalayas, ranging across northern India, Nepal and Bhutan, and some parts of Southeast Asia as far away as Laos. It is a species of broadleaf evergreen woodlands at 600-2,565 m altitude. It nests in a tree hole.

This is the largest barbet at 31–33 cm (12–13 in) in length and a weight of 192–295 g (6.8–10.4 oz). It is a plump bird, with a short neck, large head and short tail. The adult has a blue head, large yellow bill, brown back and breast, green-streaked yellow belly and red vent. The rest of the plumage is green. Both sexes and immature birds are similar. The male’s territorial call is a very loud kay-oh. The alarm is a harsh keeab and another call is a repetitive piou-piou-piou-piou. (Source: Wikipedia)

Click here to listen to Great barbet call

Brown-fronted Woodpecker

Brown-fronted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos auriceps)The brown-fronted woodpecker (Leiopicus auriceps) is a species of bird in the Picidae family. It ranges across the northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, primarily the lower-to-middle altitudes of the Himalayas. It is found in Afghanistan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Bhutan. Its natural habitats are temperate forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

A medium-sized, pied woodpecker with yellow in crown. White-barred (rather than spotted) back, prominent black mustache extending to breast and black-streaked white underparts. Vent deep pink. In male forecrown brown, centre yellow, rear red with black rear neck. In female, whole crown yellow. (Source: Wikipedia)

White-throated laughingthrush

White-throated laughingthrush (Garrulax albogularis)

The white-throated laughingthrush (Garrulax albogularis) is a species of bird in the Leiothrichidae family. It is found mainly in the northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, primarily the Himalayas, and some adjoining and disjunct areas. It ranges across Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Tibet and Vietnam. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. (Source: Wikipedia)

Black-throated bushtit

Black-throated Tit (Aegithalos concinnus)

The black-throated bushtit (Aegithalos concinnus), also known as the black-throated tit, is a very small passerine bird in the family Aegithalidae. It is around 10.5 cm long and weighing 4-9 g. There is considerable racial variation in the plumage, but all subspecies have a medium length tail (as opposed to the long tail of the related long-tailed tit), a black throat and a black ‘bandit mask’ around the eye. The nominate race has a chestnut cap, breast band and flanks and dark grey back, wings and tail, and a white belly. The other subspecies have generally the same pattern (minus the chest band) but with grey caps or all grey bellies and flanks. Both sexes are alike.

It ranges from the foothills of the Himalayas, stretching across northern India through Nepal, Bhutan, northern Burma, Vietnam, and Taiwan. Disjunct populations also occur in southern Vietnam and the island of Hainan. It lives in open broadleaf forest as well as pine forest, generally occurring in middle altitudes.

The black-throated bushtit is highly social and will travel in large flocks of up to 40 birds. The nest is constructed out of moss and lichen and hangs from the branches of trees. The species feeds on small insects and spiders, as well as small seeds, fruits and berries (particularly raspberries). Group numbers swell during the non-breeding season, but smaller groups exist year round. These groups will often join mixed-species feeding flocks. (Source: Wikipedia)

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